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 Tai Chi Chuan Bruxelles /  Zhang Sanfeng / texte


Tai chi Chuan Bruxelles / Zang-shan-feng


Zhang Sanfeng observant le combat d’une grue et d’un serpent



On vous rappelle que le nommé Zhang Sanfeng ( 張三丰, 張三豐 ) aurait été un moine taoïste, supposé avoir vécu pendant les dynasties des Song et des Ming, mais mythique sans aucun doute, et auquel la légende attribue d’avoir été expert dans les arts martiaux (évidemment) internes (neijia). La même légende lui attribue la fondation de l’école du mont Wudang et, beaucoup pus tardivement, l’invention du tai-chi-chuan. La stratégie de combat qu’il aurait crée lui aurait été inspirée par le spectacle du combat d’une grue avec un serpent.tai chi chuan 


Surnommé « Zhang Le souillon », il est un exemple emblématique de la figure de l’immortel taoïste doué de pouvoir exceptionnels. Les écrits qui lui sont attribués n’ont d’ailleurs rien à voir avec le combat, mais bien avec les problématiques taoïste typiques (alchimie intérieure, aspects confucianistes, théories sur la sexualité…).tai chi chuan



Treatise by Master Chang San-feng  (ca 1200 C.E.)

Traduit par un certain Albert Tangtai chi chuan



Once you begin to move, the entire body must be light and limber. Each part of your body should be connected to every other part.


The internal energy, chi, roots at the feet, then transfer through the legs and is controlled from the waist, moving eventually through the back to the arms and fingertips.


Such principles relate to Tai Chi movement in the same way that uprooting an object, and thereby destroying its foundation, will make the object fall sooner.


In Long Forms your body should ever move like the rhythmic flow of water on a river or like the rolling waves of the ocean.


The internal energy should be extended, vibrated like the beat of a drum. The spirit should be condensed in toward the center of your body.


When performing Tai Chi, it should be perfect; allow no defect. The form should be smooth with no unevenness, and continuous, allowing no interruptions.


Application of these principles promotes the flowing Tai Chi movement in any direction: forward, backward,, right side, and left side.


When transferring the chi from your feet to your waist, your body must operate as if all the parts were one; this allows you to move forward and backward freely with control of balance and position. Failure to do this causes loss of control of the entire body system. The only cure for such a problem is an examination of the stance.


In the Long Form ,Ward Off, Rollback, Press, Push, Roll-Pull, Split, Elbow and Lean Forward are called the forms of the Eight Diagram (Pakua), the movement encompassing the eight directions. In stance, moving forward, backward, to the right side, to the left side and staying in the center are called the Five-Style Steps. Ward Off, Rollback, Press, and Push are called the four cardinal directions. Roll-Pull, Split, Elbow, and Lean Forward are called the four diagonals. Forward, backward, to the left side, to the right side and center are called metal, wood, water, fire, and earth, respectively. When combined, these forms are called the Thirteen Original Styles of Tai Chi.


 Besides clearly separating the positive and negative from one another, you should also clearly locate the substantial and insubstantial. When the entire body in integrated with all parts connected together, it becomes a vast connection of positive and negative energy units. Each positive and negative unit of energy should be connected to every other unit and permit no interruptions among them.


 In all of this, you must emphasize the use of the mind in controlling your movements, rather than the mere use of the external muscles. You should also follow the Tai Chi principle of opposites: when you move upward, the mind must be aware of down; when moving forward, the mind also thinks of moving back; when shifting to the left side, the mind should simultaneously notice the right side – so that if the mind is going up, it is also going down.



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